Birthstones: Names and Colors

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Everyone has a birthday, and a birthstone associated to that very month!

That is your birthstone not any ordinary stone, a special one.

Here you will find all the names and colors of birthstones.

It’s believed that your birthstone will have positive effects such as enhancing your strong traits and lowering your weak aspects.

There are many myths about gemstone’s healing effects. Many believe, wearing a shining gemstone necklace or in any form during its month elevates its therapeutic powers.

Besides its healing effects, birthstones give birth to wonderful gift ideas.

Think about a personalized necklace for your lover, with his or her gemstone, it would make a truly unforgettable gift.



Set of uncut, rough and raw Rhodolite garnets.

Garnetis the birth gemstone for January.

Garnets come in a multitude of colors: red, orange, yellow, green, purple, brown, blue, black, pink, and colorless.

These wonderful colored gemstones have similar physical properties and with a majority of isometric crystal formations, but differ in chemical composition.

Garnets are mined in Africa, India and Sri Lanka.

The name garnet comes from the 14th century English word ‘gernet’ which means ‘dark red’.

It is possible that it was derived from the Latin word ‘granatus’ which comes from ‘granum’ meaning ‘seed’ in Latin. The connection might be the resemblance of the gemstone to the seed of a pomegranate.


Amethystis the birthstone for February.

It is a transparent purple/violet variety of quartz. Quartz is a hard mineral found typically colorless or white hexagonal prime and colored bu impurities as citrine, cairngorm and as amethyst.

Where does this beautiful purple color come from? The element causing quartz to obtain amethyst’s purple color is iron.

Thanks to iron included inside its structure Amethyst’s color ranges from bright to dark or dull purple color.

Brazil, Mexico, Uruguay, Russia, France, Namibia and Morocco hold the largest deposits of amethysts in the world.

If Amethyst is found with Citrine in the same crystal formation is referred as ametrine. Like Amethyst, Citrine is formed by iron impurities in quartz, giving the crystal its light yellow to brown colors.


Gold ring with aquamarine gemstone

Aquamarineis the birth gemstone for March.

One look at the blue of an aquamarine gemstone and there will be no doubt where the name aquamarine comes from: the Latin word aqua, meaning water, and marina, which means the sea.

Most aquamarines have a light blue color. You may find beautiful aquamarine gems ranging from a greenish blue to darker tons of blue. As the dark blue ones are much rarer, there are priced highly.

As the blue colored stones are more desirable nearly all aquamarines are heated to lower the green component in their color.

Although these treated stones are generally stable, they may experience color changes due to exposure to high amounts of heat or sunlight.

Aqumarine is mined in South America, Africa and Asia. Brazil holds the biggest reserves and Nigeria, Madagascar, Zambia, Pakistan, and Mozambique are the other notable aquamarine rich countries.

Aquamarine is a variety of the mineral beryl.

In the beryl family, there are many different colored stones such as morganite which has a pinkish color with some orange and purple varieties or green emerald which is the stone for may.

This type of beryl can be found in very large and heavy blocks offering a good opportunity for cutting and polishing at the desired volume and shape.


Diamond is the birthstone for April.

Diamond is the hardest gemstone. While it shares the same element as foundation as coal it has a very different crystal structure.

This special structure gives diamond its unmatched hardness. A diamond is 58 more harder than any other material in nature and it can only be cut by another diamond.

The primary use for diamonds is engagement rings. In our day an age, a diamond ring has become the symbol of a proposition of life long love journey.

A diamond is priced according its dimensions and volume, its color and saturation of color. These precious gemstones come in many colors ranging from yellow, red, pink, blue, and green.

As colored diamond are more rare, they are priced higher than a colorless diamonds. When it comes to saturation color all around the gemstone through different view angles, a more saturated, a more full diamond is more desirable.

In our day, there are artificially produced diamonds. In laboratories, diamond crystal are manufactured and colored to the demanded color. Ofcourse, these man made diamonds hold a smaller price tag than the naturally formed diamonds.


4 emerald crystals


Emerald is the birth gemstone for may.
As may is the the last month going into summer, it is the time where temperatures increase and nature blossoms.

Emerald being this month’s birthstone, brings these to its owner symbolizing “birth” and “youth.” While nature is reborn and turns to green, it makes Emerald the perfect gemstone for this month.

The origine of the word Emerald comes from the greek word “smaragdus,” meaning “green”!

Emerald is a variety of beryl, a mineral that grows with six sides and up to a foot in length.

While green is its color, Emerald’s tons go from light to deep dark greens.

Emeralds are generally heat treated to darken its color. As the dark green ones are more rare and expensive, consumers tend towards the more full color green emeralds.

Emeralds are found in South America Africa and Asia. Main countries having reserves are Colombia, Brazil, Afghanistan and Zambia.


Pearl is the birthstone of june. Some also includes or opts for alexendrite and/or moonstone for the birthstone of june.

Pearls are the only organicaly produced gemstones. Pearls are produced by Mollusks. When they receive an outbound microscopic object into their shells, Mollusks cover it with layers of calcium carbonate.

There are artifically produced pearls as natural ones. And, as you may have guessed already, the most expensive ones are the natural pearls.

Pearls must be handled with care as they are very soft. Pearls have a Mohs scale value in the range of .5-4.5.

Pearls are also more sensitive to physical and chemical effects than other birthstones. Extreme heat and high acidity may damage the pearl.

Please note that, as pearls are mainly calcium carbonate, acids may dissolve them.


Ruby is the birth gemstone of July.

Ruby is a red variety of mineral corundum and it owes its beautiful red color to chromium.

Chromium not only gives ruby its color but also its name: the word ruby comes from the latin word “rubues” which means red.

But the effects of chromium do not stop there! Chromium can also cause cracks and fractures causing a scarcity of jewelry level rubies. It is not easy to find and thus it is expensive to obtain fine quality of these red gems.

Main deposits of ruby are found in South East Asia, Middle East, Africa and North America. Burma, Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, India, have large deposits.


Peridot is the birthstone of August.

Peridots are mainly found around volcanic regions. The main areas of deposits are Asia, South America, North America, South Europe and Pacific regions.

Miners find these precious stones in Myanmar, Hawai, China, Brazil, USA and Italy.

Peridots should not be treated with heat. Being a volcanic stone, you should keep it away from high temperatures such as extreme temperatures and owens.

You may clean your precious peridot jewelry with appropriate commercial jewelry cleaners or simply with water and soap using a soft brush or cloth.

As always, make sure you have rinsed well your valuable belongings. Always dry them before storing until your next use.

Sapphire gemstones in natural form


Sapphire is the birth gemstone of September.

While many think a blue gemstone when they hear sapphires, these precious stones do have a broad spectrum of color. Note that red color stones do not belong to this classification as they have their own name: ruby.

You may clean your precious sapphire jewelry with many commercial jewelry cleaners or simply with water and soap using a soft brush or cloth.

As sapphire is a stone with mohs scale value of 9.0, it is considered hard. It can also be cleaner by a commercial ultrasonic cleaning machine at your local jewelry shop.

Probably the most well known source of sapphires is Kashmir in India. Other important deposits are found in Australia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand and the United States.




Tourmalineis the birthstone for October. Some add opal as the birthstone for those who have their birthday in October.

The name of these wonderful rainbow colored treasures of nature come from the Sinhalese word “tura mali”, meaning “stone of mixed colors”.

Tourmaline deposits are found in North America, South America, Africa and Asia. The most notable countries are Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Brazil and the United States.

One should not use ultrasonic cleaning machines, because natural formations of the tourmaline may get damaged.

Like many gemstones, Tourmalines can be cleaned with most jewelry cleaners or plain soap and warm water. Do not forget to use a soft brush and afterwards rinse and dry the jewelry.


Citrineis one of the birth gemstones for November. Some include topaz in addition to citrine for November’s birthstone.

Citrine is a variety of quartz with traces of iron giving its yellow color.

When we have a look at a citrine, we’ll have a very good guess where the name comes from: it’s derived from the French word “citron” which is the yellow fruit “lemon”!

Most notable deposits are located in Iran, Brazil, Madagascar, Spain, Russia, Bolivia and the United States of America.

Naturally citrines’ colors range from a light yellow hue to a saturated tint of yellow coming close to orange. Nearly all citrine stones are heat treated to reach a fuller color.


Turquoiseis the birthstone for December. Zircon is also added as the birthstone for the last month of the year.

Turquoise’s colors range from light blues to darker fuller blue-greens.

The name comes from French which means “Turkish stone” referencing its trade routes into Europe via Turkey, which occupies 2 peninsulas Thrace and Anatolia forming a bridge from Asia to Europe.

Most notable supplies of turquoise are found in the United States, Iran and India.

Turquoise is affected by sunlight and chemical agents like deodorants and perfumes.

Thus it should not be left under the sun for long hours and kept away from perfumes and other make-up materials.

Typically, turquoise jewelry should be be the last item you put and never before deodorants, perfumes and other make-up items.